IELTS Writing

The writing part has two tasks: minor  (Task 1) & major (Task 2). The academic and general writing is different in terms of complexity. The minor task should be done in 20 minutes and the major tasks is allotted for 40 minutes. In academic module usually three things asked in the minor task and candidates need to write a description based on the data provided in the picture/graphs etc.

  1. Object (e.g. a cycle is shown & various parts are labeled)
  2. Process (e.g. the various ways in which solar  energy is used)
  3. Data; (graphs of all types e.g. line graph, bar graph, pie charts, tables etc)

In the major task, the candidates are usually asked to write about a given topic and will be asked your decision or justification of your answer. Generally this task aims to see:

  1. Introduction (what it is about do not copy the question what. Use your imagination & write in your own words what the data is about)
  2. Then in the next Para write three things, this is very important.   The three things are General trend, Comparisons, differences.
  3. In the last Para write conclusion.

In the general writing module the candidates are required to write a letter in the minor task and an essay based on a given topic.
General Tips for Writing Module:

  • For both writing tasks, it is a good idea to jot down your ideas on the question sheet so that you know the outline of what you will be writing. It may take 2 or 3 minutes but the time spent is worth it.
  • Writing task 1 requires you to describe a graph / table / diagram in  approx. 150 words. Practice and try and stick to around 150 words.
  • A sentence describing what the graph / table shows.
  • Another sentence describing the broad / important trends shown.
  • Description of the data. It may not be possible to describe all the data as there may be too much data presented. Describe the relevant and most important parts. If there is more than one graph / chart, describe any comparisons or trends that can be made out.
  • A concluding sentence which sums up the data / trends.
  • Practice using a variety of phrases to avoid being repetitive.
  • The best practice for task 2, which asks you to present an argument, is to read newspaper editorials and magazine articles on current topics. This will help you develop your ideas. A suggested structure for writing is:
  • Introduce the topic and state your stand, whether you agree or disagree.
  • Give arguments in support of your viewpoint supported by relevant examples.
  • State the contrary viewpoint and give reasons why you don”t agree with it.
  • Conclude with a short concluding paragraph.
  • If there is time left at the end, revise your answers and correct any spelling or grammatical mistakes.