Canada Pilot Programs 2020
Canada Pilot Programs 2020
Why Canada Govt launches Pilot Programs for economic class?
Since 2012, the introduction of pilot programs has been a priority for Canada’s federal government.
Canada’s 2012 reform legally authorises immigration minister to release new economic class pilot programs. These pilot programs welcome immigrants to address economic and labour force needs. There were several programs launched in 2019 and 2020 is expected to do the same.
Why Pilot Programs?
Earlier, the federal government had to first introduce new economic programs to the parliament. There, it was viewed, reviewed and voted on. This democratic approach slowed down the immigration process and delayed introduction of programs to prospective immigrants.
Canada could not afford this slowness. They had jobs to fill due to skilled labour shortages. Thus, pilot reforms were introduced. This benefited the employers in quick and easy immigrant employment.
- Pilot programs are economical.
- 5 years of validity and 4,750 applications per pilot per year.
- Quick to introduce and easy to process.
- Test pilots for future permanent plans.
Pilot Programs before 2019
Before 2019 the federal government introduced 3 pilot programs:
- Start-up Visa Pilot (SUV) (2013) was introduced to attract entrepreneurs to Canada. It helped in the recruitment of entrepreneurs with high human capital characteristics. The program was made permanent in 2018.
Despite, its success the program showed low entry figures of immigrants. Every year only a few hundred immigrants enter through this program. This overwhelmed the employers. They were not able to filter the right candidate for job positions. Majority of applicants preferred Vancouver and Toronto which defeated Canada’s purpose of ‘innovation across Canada’.
- The Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Fund (2015) was launched to introduce immigrant investors to Canada. This program attracted the lowest figure for international immigrants. Thus, the government stopped accepting applications in the first year of launch.
- The Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP) (2017) was launched to attract international immigrants for Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. AIP is a top immigrant attracting program. It attracts 4000 immigrants every year. The government is looking to make AIP permanent. After that, AIP will receive at least 5000 spots every year.
Federal Pilot Programs in 2019
- Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP) was launched in January 2019. This program was a way to attract and retain new immigrants. RNIP is in its early stages.
Today, RNIP has 11 communities participating from Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Colombia, and Alberta. This program is expected to bring positive results in the second half of 2020.
- 2 new programs for caregivers was introduced in February 2019. The aim is to benefit the health care services sector. This move gives direct access to permanent residence (PR) in Canada. Candidates are invited according to their PR criteria. This provides an occupation-specific visa which helps to switch employers. It also ensures immigrant employee protection from abuse. Also, open-work permits help immigrant families to live together in Canada.
- The Agri-Food Immigration Pilot came into effect in July 2019. This 3-year program aims to fill jobs in the agri-food sector. The agriculture sector is expected to receive high nominations. It is because of Canada’s agri-food sector skill labour shortage. This is the govt’s attempt at strengthening its agricultural economics.
Canada New Immigration Programs: 2020
2020 will see the launch of new immigration programs. These programs are proposed to assist the current federal programs. The updates will see the new Municipal Nomination Programme (MNP). To facilitate the much-needed immigration distribution across Canada.
Currently, Canada offers 80 economic pathways for immigration to prospective applicants. 2020 will see the launch of additional and new programs. All this is being done to achieve Canada’s Immigration Levels Plan (2019 – 2021). Federal government’s immigration target aims to achieve 2020 (340,000 new immigrants) and 2021 (350,000 new immigrants) vision.
Canada will add 360,000 new immigrants by 2022. The current immigration trends are strongly positive. This inflow makes 2020 a successful immigration year for Canada.